Who was Mozart?

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was an Austrian classical musical composer born in 1756. He started composing from 5 years of age and was considered a musical genius.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart cartoon character. Vector Illustration. Kids Collection.

Mozart was born in Salzburg and lived there in the early part of his life. He is often associated with Vienna, where he moved to in his late teens.

He wrote many symphonies, operas and concertos and his music is very well known the world over and still to this day.

He was only 35 when he died in 1791. He died of an unknown illness.

For a video on his life and some clips of his music, please see below.

If you prefer to learn through play, please click on the link below.

How many people have walked on the moon?

Twelve people have walked on the surface of the moon.


The twelve were part of NASA’s Apollo Programme which ran from 1961 to 1972. The first person walked on the moon on the 20th of July 1969.

For more in depth information on the Apollo Mission, please click on this link.

The twelve astronauts are named below. Click on their names for their individual Wikipedia pages.

Neil Armstrong

Buzz Aldrin

Pete Conrad

Alan Bean

Alan Shepard

Egdar Mitchell

David Scott

James Irwin

John Young

Charles Duke

Eugene Cernan

Harrison Schmitt

For a brief history of the first moon landing, and some details of the heroism and ingenuity of the astronauts involved, please see the video below.

If you would like to know more about the moon and prefer to learn through play, please see the product below.

Who was St Andrew?

In the Bible, Andrew the Apostle was one of the disciples of Jesus Christ. He was one of the closest disciples to Christ and was at the Last Supper.

Saint Andrew Figure at Osorno Church in Chile

He is associated with Scotland as it is believed his remains were taken there in around 700AD to the place now known as St Andrews. The Scottish Flag, also known as the Saltire, is based on the Cross of St Andrew. St Andrew was meant to have been crucified on a cross of that shape.

Scottish flag blowing in the wind

He is also the patron saint of other countries too, including Romania, Ukraine and Bulgaria. The 30th of November is St Andrew’s Day.

For a video of his story, please see below.




What is UNESCO?

UNESCO is part of the United Nations. Its full name is United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation. Its headquarters is in Paris, France and 195 countries are members.


It’s main aim is to coordinate international cooperation in education, science, culture and communication. It hopes that this will bring together nations and societies and wants to ensure that each child has access to quality education, can fully benefit from scientific advances, can enjoy freedom of expression and can grow and live in a cultural environment rich in diversity and dialogue.

One of the main things UNESCO is known for are ‘World Heritage Sites.’ These are areas or landmarks chosen because they important for cultural, historical or scientific reasons. Once chosen, these sites are then protected under international law.

There are UNESCO World Heritage Sites all around the World.

Click on this link for the full list of sites.

If you wanted to visit a site in the United Kingdom, you have plenty of choice.

Examples in England, Stonehenge…


The City of Bath…


The Palace of Westminster…


In Northern Ireland, you have the Giant’s Causeway…

Giants Causeway on Sunny Irish Day

In Scotland, you have the Old and New Towns of Edinburgh…


In Wales you have the Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd…


The country with the most World Heritage Sites in the World is Italy, closely followed by China.

Thank you to SJR Photography for the pictures.

For further reading on World Heritage Sites, please see the link below.

Who was Guy Fawkes?

Guy Fawkes is famous for the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605. Guy was a Catholic who wanted to kill the Protestant King James I and put a Catholic monarch back on the throne.

Guy Fawkes and his fellow conspirators

The plotters rented a cellar under the Houses of Parliament and packed it with gunpowder. They planned to create a massive explosion when the King was in the Houses of Parliament. An anonymous letter was sent to the authorities warning them of the plot. This made them search under the Houses of Parliament and Guy Fawkes was caught guarding the gunpowder.

He was tortured and executed and ever since we have celebrated the failure of this plot on the 5th of November.

For a fun video explanation, please see below.

For further reading on the Gunpowder Plot, please click below(links to Amazon).

Who invented fireworks?

Fireworks were invented in 7th century China. The Chinese people believed they would ward off evil spirits and bring happiness and good luck.

Family looks holiday fireworks

Nowadays fireworks are used all around the world to celebrate various events. In the United Kingdom they are traditionally used on Bonfire Night, the 5th of November, to celebrate the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605.

Please see below video on how fireworks work.

For further reading on the history of fireworks please click on this link.

If you would like to try some indoor fireworks, please see the link below.

What type of animal was the first to orbit the Earth?

The first animal to orbit the Earth was a dog called Laika. She was launched into space aboard Sputnik 2 in 1957. She was a stray dog from the streets of Moscow in Russia. In the early days of space flight animals were used to test the safety of the technology, before humans tried it.

For further reading on the history of animals in space click here.

For an animation of Laika’s story, please see below:

For further reading on Laika’s story, please see the link below.

There is a special event this weekend to celebrate the 60th anniversary of Laika’s flight. Please click here for details.