Camels are herbivores, which means they eat plants or vegetation.
Camels are specially adapted to live in the desert, where vegetation is scarce. What does grow in the desert can be prickly and tough due to the lack of water. Camels have leathery mouths which allow them to eat thorny twigs, as well as leaves, stems, shoots and fruit.
Their mouths aren’t the only part that is especially adapted to desert living.
If you would like to know more about camels, please see the link below.
More interesting camel facts from I Love Animals
Their mouths are so tough, they can even eat cacti!
Colombia is a country in South America. It shares a border with Brazil, Ecuador, Panama, Peru and Venezuela.
The official language is Spanish although many other languages are spoken in the country. It has a population of around 50 million people.
The capital city is Bogota. The currency used is the Peso.
The Colombian flag.
If you would like to know more about Colombia, please see the comprehensive Wikipedia article at the link below.
Wikipedia article on Colombia
Please see Lonely Planet’s short video below to see what Colombia has to offer the traveller.
Belgium is a country in Europe. It is a monarchy and a member of the European Union. The country has borders with France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands.
The country is made up of three regions which are organised and run separately. Brussels is the capital city and has its own region. Brussels is famous for being the base for the European Union, as well as other institutions like NATO.
Above is a picture of the Grand Place in Brussels, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The other two regions in Belgium are the French-speaking Wallonia, and the Dutch-speaking Flanders. The third official language is German.
The population of Belgium is just over 11 million people.
The Belgian flag.
For more further reading, please click link below.
Wikipedia entry on Belgium
If you would like a list of facts on Belgium, please click on the link below.
Fun facts from Eupedia on Belgium
For a fun jigsaw puzzle showing one of Belgium’s most famous scenes, please see below(links to Amazon.)
Panama is a country in Central America, found between Costa Rica and Colombia.
It has a population of around 4 million people. The main language spoken there is Spanish. Although the US Dollar is legal tender there, the official currency is the Balboa. The largest and capital city is Panama City.
The Panamanian flag.
For a video taste of what Panama has to offer tourists, please see below.
The country is known for its canal which links the Caribbean Sea to the Pacific Ocean. This was a very important engineering project as it allowed ships to avoid travelling around the continent of South America, cutting time and danger as the seas around to southern tip are very treacherous.
For a detailed video on the history of the Panama Canal, please see below.
If your child is interested in world geography, why not get them a map?(links to Amazon)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was an Austrian classical musical composer born in 1756. He started composing from 5 years of age and was considered a musical genius.
Mozart was born in Salzburg and lived there in the early part of his life. He is often associated with Vienna, where he moved to in his late teens.
He wrote many symphonies, operas and concertos and his music is very well known the world over and still to this day.
He was only 35 when he died in 1791. He died of an unknown illness.
For a video on his life and some clips of his music, please see below.
If you prefer to learn through play, please click on the link below.
Twelve people have walked on the surface of the moon.
The twelve were part of NASA’s Apollo Programme which ran from 1961 to 1972. The first person walked on the moon on the 20th of July 1969.
For more in depth information on the Apollo Mission, please click on this link.
The twelve astronauts are named below. Click on their names for their individual Wikipedia pages.
For a brief history of the first moon landing, and some details of the heroism and ingenuity of the astronauts involved, please see the video below.
If you would like to know more about the moon and prefer to learn through play, please see the product below.
Stomach (or gastric) acid is a mixture of hydrochloric acid, potassium chloride and sodium chloride. An acid’s strength is measured on the pH scale. The range of acid strength goes from 0(strongest) to 6(weakest). Stomach acid measures between 1 and 3 on this scale, making it quite a strong acid.
The reason the acid doesn’t burn our insides is because the stomach produces mucus to line itself and protect it from the acid. We need acid in our stomachs as this starts the process of breaking our food down(digestion), so it can be absorbed by our bodies.
After the food leaves the stomach and enters the next part of your digestive system, the pancreas releases a bicarbonate which helps to neutralise, or weaken, the acid so it doesn’t damage your insides.
For further reading and facts on the stomach, click on this link.
For a video that explains the part of the stomach in the digestive system, please see below:
For those that prefer to learn by doing/playing, please see the below product.