Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was an Austrian classical musical composer born in 1756. He started composing from 5 years of age and was considered a musical genius.
Mozart was born in Salzburg and lived there in the early part of his life. He is often associated with Vienna, where he moved to in his late teens.
He wrote many symphonies, operas and concertos and his music is very well known the world over and still to this day.
He was only 35 when he died in 1791. He died of an unknown illness.
For a video on his life and some clips of his music, please see below.
In the Bible, Andrew the Apostle was one of the disciples of Jesus Christ. He was one of the closest disciples to Christ and was at the Last Supper.
He is associated with Scotland as it is believed his remains were taken there in around 700AD to the place now known as St Andrews. The Scottish Flag, also known as the Saltire, is based on the Cross of St Andrew. St Andrew was meant to have been crucified on a cross of that shape.
He is also the patron saint of other countries too, including Romania, Ukraine and Bulgaria. The 30th of November is St Andrew’s Day.
For a video of his story, please see below.
Guy Fawkes is famous for the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605. Guy was a Catholic who wanted to kill the Protestant King James I and put a Catholic monarch back on the throne.
The plotters rented a cellar under the Houses of Parliament and packed it with gunpowder. They planned to create a massive explosion when the King was in the Houses of Parliament. An anonymous letter was sent to the authorities warning them of the plot. This made them search under the Houses of Parliament and Guy Fawkes was caught guarding the gunpowder.
He was tortured and executed and ever since we have celebrated the failure of this plot on the 5th of November.
For a fun video explanation, please see below.
Worldwide there are more boys than girls. It is believed that for every 100 girls born, 107 boys are born. Over time, the populations even out a bit due to differing factors, for example war, accidents etc.
Due to populations being measured in millions, the chance of having exactly the same number of each is highly unlikely. Studies over the years have seen some trends in certain parts for the world. Caribbean countries like Barbados, Haiti and Aruba have tended to have more girls than boys. China and India tend to have more boys than girls. Central African countries like Zambia and DPR Congo tend to have a split closer to 50/50.
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For a video explanation, please see below.