What is the difference between Catholics and Protestants?

Catholics and Protestants are both Christians, which means that their Holy Book is the Bible and they both worship Jesus Christ, as they believe him to be the Son of God.

Lighting candles in a church

The Roman Catholic Church teaches that it developed from the community formed by Jesus himself in the first century AD. Over the next centuries the Catholic Church become very rich and powerful and its influence spread throughout much of Western Europe.

A split occurred during what is known as the Protestant Reformation. This was mainly started by a German friar called Martin Luther. He disagreed with some of the rules and beliefs of the Catholic faith and he tried to ‘reform’ the Catholic Church, but instead they split, and a new movement within Christianity was created.

Catholics believe that the Pope is God’s representative on Earth, and their beliefs are based on traditions as well as the Bible itself. Protestants reject the authority of the Pope and for them the Bible is only basis for their faith.

For a site with a chart of the differences, please click on the link below:

A chart showing the differences from Diffen.

For more detail, please see the following link:

More reading from BBC Bitesize.

For a video on what happened in England, please see the video below:

Who were the Anglo-Saxons?

The Anglo-Saxons were the people who lived in Great Britain during the period from around the year 400 to when the Norman Conquest occurred in 1066.

Anglo Saxons

They were descended from Germanic Tribes who moved to Great Britain after Roman rule ended.

The language they spoke developed into what we today call English.

For 10 facts about the Anglo-Saxons, please see the video below:

If you like to visit a Royal Anglo-Saxon burial site with an excellent exhibition, please find out more by clinking the link:

A link to more information about Sutton Hoo.

A further list of Anglo-Saxon sites to visit can be found by clicking the following link:

A list of sites from Archaeology Travel.

When was the Bronze Age?

In Great Britain, the Bronze Age was from around 2100 to 750BC, so it started from around 4000 years ago.

Stonehenge

This is when people started making bronze, which is an alloy of copper and tin. It was also the age when people started writing for the first time.

The Bronze Age happened at different times in other parts of the world due to people developing different technologies at different times.

For a video explanation please see below:

The video below shows in detail how they would have made an axe head in the Bronze Age.

For a slightly longer video which is specifically about the Bronze Age in Great Britain, please see below:

If you would like to visit some Bronze Age sites, please see the link below:

A list of English Heritage sites.

Great Orme Bronze Age Copper Mines in North Wales.

A list of Scottish sites from History Scotland.

A list of sites from Culture Northern Ireland.

When did pirates live?

A pirate is someone who attacks and steals from ships at sea, so they still exist to this day.

Pirates

Photo credit: Sergey Novikov via 123rf.com

When we think of pirates we are usually thinking about what has been called ‘The Golden Age of Piracy,’ which was from around 1650 to 1720.

It was in this period that famous pirates such as Bartholomew Roberts, Blackbeard and Henry Morgan lived.

For more in depth reading on this period please visit the following link:

An excellent site on the history of pirates