Catholics and Protestants are both Christians, which means that their Holy Book is the Bible and they both worship Jesus Christ, as they believe him to be the Son of God.
The Roman Catholic Church teaches that it developed from the community formed by Jesus himself in the first century AD. Over the next centuries the Catholic Church become very rich and powerful and its influence spread throughout much of Western Europe.
A split occurred during what is known as the Protestant Reformation. This was mainly started by a German friar called Martin Luther. He disagreed with some of the rules and beliefs of the Catholic faith and he tried to ‘reform’ the Catholic Church, but instead they split, and a new movement within Christianity was created.
Catholics believe that the Pope is God’s representative on Earth, and their beliefs are based on traditions as well as the Bible itself. Protestants reject the authority of the Pope and for them the Bible is only basis for their faith.
For a site with a chart of the differences, please click on the link below:
A chart showing the differences from Diffen.
For more detail, please see the following link:
More reading from BBC Bitesize.
For a video on what happened in England, please see the video below:
The Anglo-Saxons were the people who lived in Great Britain during the period from around the year 400 to when the Norman Conquest occurred in 1066.
They were descended from Germanic Tribes who moved to Great Britain after Roman rule ended.
The language they spoke developed into what we today call English.
For 10 facts about the Anglo-Saxons, please see the video below:
If you like to visit a Royal Anglo-Saxon burial site with an excellent exhibition, please find out more by clinking the link:
A link to more information about Sutton Hoo.
A further list of Anglo-Saxon sites to visit can be found by clicking the following link:
A list of sites from Archaeology Travel.
The Eurovision Song Contest is an annual competition which started back in 1956. The entrants in the competition are countries which are part of the European Broadcasting Union. This is not related to the European Union(EU) and the country does not have to be geographically within Europe to enter. In the first competition in 1956 only seven countries entered. Since then, 52 different countries have entered. In 2017 there were 42 entrants.
Each entrant must have someone sing an original song live. After each entrant has sung, there is a combined vote by the audience and a panel of judges from each country. These two votes are turned into points. The country that receives the most points wins, and that country hosts the competition the next year. Last year the winner was Ukraine, so the competition was held this year in its capital city, Kiev.
For this year’s promo video, please see below:
In Great Britain, the Bronze Age was from around 2100 to 750BC, so it started from around 4000 years ago.
This is when people started making bronze, which is an alloy of copper and tin. It was also the age when people started writing for the first time.
The Bronze Age happened at different times in other parts of the world due to people developing different technologies at different times.
For a video explanation please see below:
The video below shows in detail how they would have made an axe head in the Bronze Age.
For a slightly longer video which is specifically about the Bronze Age in Great Britain, please see below:
If you would like to visit some Bronze Age sites, please see the link below:
A list of English Heritage sites.
Great Orme Bronze Age Copper Mines in North Wales.
A list of Scottish sites from History Scotland.
A list of sites from Culture Northern Ireland.
Metals are chemical elements which means they are part of the basic building blocks of our universe and cannot be broken down into anything simpler.
Photo credit: Soloviova Liudmyla via Fotolia.com
When we talk about metals we usually mean things like iron, tin or lead. These are found in rocks which are called an ore.
To make the metal you have to break down the ore to separate the metal from the rock. There are a few ways to do this, you can use heat, electricity or other chemicals, depending on the type of ore.
Photo credit: xfotokex via Fotolia.com
Once the metal is separated it can be formed into moulds, sheets, wires etc.
For more information on metals from Science Kids.
For a video on the steel making process, please see below:
Clouds are formed when the water vapour in air cools down and forms droplets of water or ice. When lots of these droplets come together they form a cloud.
For a more in depth answer from Weather Wiz Kids.
For a video explanation, please see below.
If you prefer to learn by doing, please see this video of a fun experiment.
Photo credit: Anatoly Tipyashlin via 123rf.com
Crocodiles and alligators are two separate species of reptile, although they are closely related and look quite similar.
There are a few differences between them but the easiest way to tell the difference is by looking at their snout. A crocodile’s snout is much narrower than an alligator’s.
A more in depth answer from Science Kids
A short video showing the differences.
The science of weather prediction or forecasting is called meteorology. A person who predicts the weather is a meteorologist.
A meteorologist will collect data from a range of sources to show what the current weather conditions are. They then predict what will happen based on what has happened in the past, when the conditions were the same or similar.
Among the type of data collected is air pressure, temperature, wind speed and direction. This data is collected by weather stations which are dotted around the country.
A more in depth answer from Weather Wiz Kids
A video explanation:
You can find quicksand in many different places. Quicksand is sand that has been mixed with so much water it forms a mixture that is in between a liquid and a solid. It does not actually suck you down, it is just so soft that it can’t support your weight, so you sink into it.
Learn how to make your own quicksand with this link
A pirate is someone who attacks and steals from ships at sea, so they still exist to this day.
Photo credit: Sergey Novikov via 123rf.com
When we think of pirates we are usually thinking about what has been called ‘The Golden Age of Piracy,’ which was from around 1650 to 1720.
It was in this period that famous pirates such as Bartholomew Roberts, Blackbeard and Henry Morgan lived.
For more in depth reading on this period please visit the following link:
An excellent site on the history of pirates